Battle of Guilford Courthouse
The second of the two southern battles leading up to the British surrender at Yorktown was the Battle of Guilford Courthouse near Greensboro, North Carolina which occurred on March 15, 1781. Here, American General Nathaniel Greene had regrouped and received reinforcements with the result that he had approximately 10,000 men. Despite having only 1,900 men at his immediate disposal, Cornwallis decided to attack the American forces under Nathaniel Greene now that he had finally caught up with Greene. While technically the British won the resulting battle, Cornwallis lost one-fourth of his men in doing so. Upon hearing of this, British Whig party leader Charles James Fox declared that: “Another such victory would ruin the British army.” Afterwards, Cornwallis decided to move northwards into Virginia, eventually setting up a defense at Yorktown, Virginia where he hoped to receive supplies and reinforcements from British General Sir Henry Clinton located at New York City.